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Positive Behaviour Support

Early Intervention School

What is Positive Behavior Support?

Positive Behavior Support (PBS) is an approach that encourages positive behavior and reduces negative behavior by addressing the underlying causes of behavior. Based on the principles of Applied Behavior Analysis, PBS emphasizes using positive reinforcement to teach new skills and behaviors. It is a collaborative and proactive approach that involves identifying and understanding the factors that contribute to behavior, developing strategies to support positive behavior, and implementing consistent and effective interventions to address difficult behavior. PBS is widely used in schools and other settings to promote positive behavior and improve quality of life for students with disabilities and their families.

Core Components of PBS

  1. Functional Behavior Assessment (FBA): This involves understanding the underlying causes and functions of the behavior by gathering information about the individual, their environment, and the behavior itself.

  2. Person-Centered Planning (PCP): This includes working collaboratively with the individual and their support network to develop a plan that takes into account their strengths, preferences, and needs, as well as their goals and aspirations.

  3. Positive Behavior Intervention and Support (PBIS): This includes identifying and teaching replacement behaviors that serve the same function as the challenging behavior, and using positive reinforcement to support and encourage positive behavior.

  4. Data-Based Decision Making: This involves collecting and analyzing data on the individual’s behavior to monitor progress and make informed decisions about interventions and supports.

  5. Continuous Monitoring and Evaluation: This involves regularly reviewing and updating the plan based on the individual’s progress and changing needs, as well as monitoring the effectiveness of the interventions and supports.

Overall, these components are used together in a collaborative and proactive approach to promote positive behavior, reduce challenging behavior, and improve the quality of life for individuals with disabilities and their families.