In This Section

Activities of Daily Living (ADL),
Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL)

Early Intervention School

About Activities of Daily Living (ADL), Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL)

Here's a brief explanation of about ADL and IADL

Activities of Daily Living (ADL): ADLs are basic self care activities that are essential for an individual’s personal hygiene, physical well-being, and independence. They are typically performed on a daily basis. ADLs include tasks such as:

  • Bathing: Taking a bath or shower.
  • Dressing: Selecting and putting on appropriate clothing.
  • Eating: Feeding oneself, including handling utensils and consuming food.
  • Toileting: Using the toilet and maintaining personal hygiene.
  • Transferring: Moving from one position to another, like sitting to standing or getting in and out of bed.
  • Continence: Controlling bladder and bowel movements.
    The ability to perform ADLs independently is an important indicator of a person’s functional status and ability to care for themselves.

Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL): IADLs are more complex tasks that are necessary for independent living and managing a household. These activities require higher-level cognitive and organizational skills. IADLs include tasks such as:

  • Managing finances: Handling tasks related to budgeting, paying bills, and managing money.
  • Transportation: Using public transportation or driving to get to different locations.
  • Shopping and meal preparation: Planning, purchasing groceries, preparing meals, and managing food storage.
  • Housekeeping: Performing household chores like cleaning, laundry, and maintaining a safe living environment.
  • Managing medications: Organizing and taking prescribed medications correctly and on time.
  • Using communication devices: Operating telephones, computers, or other devices for communication.

    The ability to independently perform IADLs demonstrates a higher level of functioning and is often assessed to determine an individual’s ability to live independently.